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Research and Plagiarism

1. Search engines

A program that searches for items in a database that understands keywords or characters asked by the user, used for finding particular sites on the World Wide Web.

a. Google – how does it search?

Google uses automated programs called spiders or crawlers, like most search engines. It also uses a trademarked algorithm called PageRank that can assign each web page a relevant score.

b. Site specific searching

A search engine is a general web search, that can focus on a specific topic of online content.

c. Alternative search engines:

Google, Bing, Yahoo, Ask.com, AOL.com

i. Different languages

sobotong.com, 2lingual.com


ii. Subject specific

When a specific website has information on a certain subject for matter.


iii. Historical

Excite – 1993, Yahoo! – 1994, WebCrawler – 1994


d. Who pays for it all to happen?

Corporations pay for search engines to happen.

2. Official sources

Official sources include official records, publications or broadcasts, officials in government or business, organizations or corporations.


a. Government

Official statistics are published by government companies or other public bodies such as international organizations. They provide information on all major areas of citizens' lives, economic and social development, health, education living conditions, and environment.


b. Organisations

Articles should be based on reliable and published sources with a reputation for facts and accuracy.  Organisations only publish opinions of reliable authors.


c. Corporate

When an organization takes responsibility for the creation of a work, that organization is treated as a corporate author. Nearly any organization can function as a corporate author.



3. Links from other sites

Link, is a reference to data that the reader can directly follow either by clicking or tapping, over it.


4. Popups and adverts

Popups and adverts are a form of advertising focusing on web traffic.


1.                   What makes a reliable data source

·         Where was the research published?

·         Does the information fit with the topic?


a.                   Author

Person who created a page that cannot be created again by anyone else.


b.                  Domain

A subset of the Internet with addresses under the control of a particular organization or individual.


c.                   Source

Source refers to the code used to create the program.


2.                   Comparison of sources

To compare the use of static information sources with dynamic information and to understand the advantages and disadvantages of gathering data from direct and indirect sources.



3.                   Duplication of data

Duplication of data is a specialised data compression technique getting rid of copies of repeated data.


4.                   Evaluating data

Evaluating data using analytical and logical reasoning to look at each component of the data provided. There are lots of specific data analysis methods, some of which include data mining, business intelligence, text analytics and data visualizations.


Citing References

1.                   Explain the structure of a Wikipedia page

Contents, Order of article elements, body sections, headings and sections, names and orders for section headings, section templates and summary style, paragraphs etc.


2.                   Why should we cite references

 To allow your reader to track down the sources you used by citing them accurately in footnotes, a bibliography or reference list.


a.                   Plagiarism

Plagiarism is stealing someone else’s work and presenting it as your own.


b.                  Copyright

Copyright is a right crated by the law of a country allowing the creator rights for its use and distribution.


peacock photo


1.            Plagiarism & Citing Sources.pdf